Jute is a one-year-old plant that has deep, dense, and white root
This plant is grown in certain parts of the world, such as Bangladesh, India, China, Pakistan and Thailand through seeding. It is used in producing carpet, rope, jute yarn, hessian cloth, bag, furniture, fishing net and even in packing and agricultural industry for food storage, because of its elegance and high strength.
Jute also is a good thermal and sound insulation. It is grown from 45 to 48 degrees north latitude in Russia and Manchuria to 30 degrees south latitude in South Africa.
Its length and diameter depend on the planting environment, its length is from 1 m to 4 m and its diameter ranges from 8 mm to 25 mm. Color of stalk depends on the kind of jute plant which can be green or red or purple.
In the skin of jute stalk, the fibers make a soft layer, and the central wood is a thick cylinder made of short wooden fibers which there is a cotton-like pulp in the middle of that.
Its dry stalk is used in the paper industry, and even its leaves are edible.
Jute can be mixed with other natural and synthetic fibers and even absorb cellulose color. Although jute is replaced by a similar cheap synthetic material in some industries, its environmental characteristics that are used to store food for a long time cannot be accomplished by any artificial one.
The areas of jute cultivation in Iran are Ghaemshahr, Babol, Mahmoudabad, Bandpei, Sarakhroud, Noor in Mazandaran province, Langrood, Astaneh Rasht, Bandar Anzali in Gilan province, Darab, Kazeroun in Fars province, Bam, Rafsanjan and Jiroft in Kerman province, Varamin in Tehran province, Dezful, Iranshahr in Khuzestan, Bandar Abbas and Minab in Hormozgan province, and Mehran in Ilam Province.
The two most important types of jute are: white and Tossa jute:
White jute: As its name suggests, it has a brighter color.
Tossa jute: this is smoother, tighter, and silkier.
The best type of jute grows in the Indian subcontinent, between India and Bangladesh. Most Global exports of both types are from these areas.