Spacer fabric is made of two separate fabric webs that are joined together by spacer threads or fibers. The zone between these two webs creates a layer of air, which insulates and thermoregulates. Changing the structure of the knitted construction alters the amount of air which is put in the assembly.
The yarn material used to join two fabrics is mostly a stable, pressure tolerant material which is defined as “space”. Spacer fabrics are flexible, breathable, soft and resilient. They come in a variety of textures, designs, weights, and colors.
Differences between spacer fabric and other fabrics
Because of its 3D structure, spacer fabric offers more extensive conditions for varied application. It presents special physical features which are:
Lightweight, soft, pleasant on the skin
Definable elasticity properties
Transport and absorb moisture
Ageing resistant and capable of sterilization
Offer active breathing properties
What are the techniques of knitting the spacer fabric?
Flat Bed knitting
Many different properties can be set into the fabric to reach special features through its producing process.
Varying degrees of open or closed knit
Rigid or Conformable construction
Waterproofing on one or both sides