Polypropylene is a synthetic fiber which is made of petroleum’ derivatives. Polypropylene is a thermoplastic polymer and suitable spinning process for this polymer is melt spinning. The amount of crystalline and amorphous regions depend on the amount and the way of drawing during melt spinning, because in drawing molecular chains become parallel and they would be oriented by this process.
You can see numbers of polypropylene’s properties in the following table.
|Elongation %||40 to 100|
|Moisture absorption %||0-0.05|
|Melting point (c°)||165|
|Resistance to chemical||excellent|
|Resistance to mildew, moth||good|
|Resistance to acid||Excellent (except chlorosulphonic and concentrated sulfuric acid)|
|Resistance to alkali||Excellent (except some oxidizing agents)|
|Protection ability against insects||good|
|dying||Cannot be dyed easily ( by pigment)|
|Resistance to bleaching and solvents||Excellent resistance|
|weight||Lighter than water|
|Crystalline region %||30-60|
|Resistant to Staining||good|
Polypropylene fibers are used in non-woven fabric, diapers or sanitary products. Additionally we can use PP in Gas filtration, liquid filtration, air filtration, and house usage like air-conditioning-type and water filters, hospital masks, construction and too many other usages.